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The Complete Guide To The 7 Chakras For Beginners

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23 April

The Complete Guide To The 7 Chakras For Beginners

Our body is a treasure and we are on a treasure hunt. If we follow the right path on this hunt, we are rewarded with a lot of jewels like – good health, peace, power, wisdom, energy, confidence, self-esteem etc.

Let’s try to find out the precious energy boxes called Chakras in our body, which will lead us towards THE SUPREME POWER – THE CROWN!

There are many chakras (also known as wheels/ centers/ confluence of the nadis) in the human body.

Out of them, only 108 chakras can be awakened or activated. Out of these 108 chakras, there are 7 major or you can call them the fundamental chakras.

These chakras are depicted as lotus flower but with a different number of petals and colors.

They all have a different element and different beej mantra.

The Fundamental Chakras are:

  1. Muladhara – Base or Root Chakra
  2. Svadhisthana – Sacral Chakra
  3. Manipura – Solar Plexus Chakra
  4. Anahata – Heart Chakra
  5. Vishuddhi – Throat Chakra
  6. Ajna – Brow or Third Eye Chakra
  7. Sahasrara – Crown Chakra

But what are these chakras and why are they so important?

These chakras from root to top, keep the balance to the body and mind.

Moreover, they are important as whatever we do, gets registered in these chakras.

They keep us moving and allow us to live a healthy and peaceful life.

Most Importantly, when they are energized, they help us connect to our spirit and receive the power from the universe.

Yoga and meditation help in activating these chakras and in experiencing the power and energy at the spiritual level.

For a common person it is really difficult and confusing to understand, but gradually with practice it becomes clear and you become capable of shifting the awareness inward with more balance and more concentration.

Concentrating upon each chakra has different benefits to offer.

To activate these chakras one must start from root to top. Each chakra gets activated when you meditate and concentrate on its place by visualizing its color and symbol with pronouncing its beej mantra/ sound.

Along with it the practice of yoga adds energy and helps in stimulating the activation of the chakras.

types of chakras

1. Muladhara

  • It is the first chakra or the energy center of the subtle body
  • Also known as the root chakra
  • Place – the base of the spine, on the tailbone
  • Colour – Red
  • Sound – ‘LAM’
  • Symbol – lotus with four petals
  • Earth element – Prithvi tattva

When Balanced 

  • Makes you feel grounded
  • Provides stability and balance
  • It is the foundation- the root
  • Connects you with everything around
  • A sense of security, stability, connection, and confidence
  • Responsible for your survival
  • Gives confidence, makes you strong and courageous
  • Keeps your body and mind healthy

When imbalanced

  • Unable to concentrate
  • Unable to connect to the surrounding
  • Daydreaming
  • Thinking about something irrelevant
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Worried about survival
  • Lower back or hip pain

To energize this chakra 

  • Gardening
  • Play in the garden
  • Be surrounded by greenery
  • Do Yoga
  • Meditate
  • Pray
  • Walk barefoot on the grass
  • Be active and volunteer
  • Help others with compassion

Suggested asanas for balancing the Muladhara Chakra

  • Mountain Pose – Tadasana
  • Bridge Pose – Setu bandhasana
  • Seated forward bend – Paschimottanasana
  • Butterfly pose – baddha konasana
  • Standing forward bend – Uttanasana
  • Corpse pose – Shavasana

2. Svadhisthana 

  • Also known as sacral chakra
  • Associated with reproductive organs
  • Place – above the genital organs,
  • Colour – Orange
  • Symbol – lotus with six petals
  • Sound – ‘VAM’Water element – Apas tattva
  • Develops in late childhood and early adolescent age. Approximately between 7-14 years.

When balanced

  • Helps you deal with your emotions
  • Improves the interpersonal skills and helps you reciprocate
  • Brings joy and happiness in life
  • Keeps the senses alive
  • Helps you enjoy all the pleasant things around
  • Improves sensuality, sexuality, confidence, positivity etc
  • Makes you more creative and independent
  • Balances your ego and image

When imbalanced you may

  • Be over practical
  • Feel confused, Suffocated, underconfident
  • Get addicted to something
  • Start enjoying, what is harmful
  • Be abusive during sex
  • Have stiff back
  • Feel fearful
  • There can also be the hormonal imbalance

To energize this chakra

  • Just enjoy
  • Let the emotions come out
  • Do something creative
  • Dance
  • Do yoga
  • Eat watery fruits and vegetables
  • Eat healthy and relishing food
  • Love yourself
  • Let go
  • Take time for yourself

Suggested asanas to balance the Svadhisthana Chakra

  • Open-angle pose – Upavishtha Konasana
  • Bound angle pose – Baddha konasana
  • Cow pose – Gomukhasana
  • Cobra pose – Bhujangasana

3. Manipura

  • Also known as Solar Plexus Chakra
  • Associated with stomach, kidney, liver, adrenal glands
  • Place – Just below the navel (in the spine)
  • Colour – yellow
  • Symbol – lotus with 10 petals
  • Sound – ‘RAM’
  • Fire element – Agni tattva

When Balanced 

  • Self – belief/self-reliance
  • Confidence, willpower, balanced ego
  • Improves the self-esteem, positive personality traits and positive thought process
  • Helps you control your emotions and thoughts
  • Makes you decisive

When imbalanced, it makes you  

  • Anxious and worried
  • Respond with aggression
  • Too demanding and ambitious
  • Have ulcer, digestion issues, liver and kidney problem
  • Feel greedy or needy
  • Overpower others

To energize this chakra

  • Meditate
  • Do what you are good at
  • Walk in the sun
  • Sit by the fire
  • Eat ginger, mint, brown rice, banana etc
  • Open up your heart
  • Spread love all around
  • Do yoga

Suggested Asanas to balance Manipura Chakra

  • Sun Salutation – Surya Namaskar
  • Bow Pose – Dhanurasana
  • Pyramid Pose
  • Boat Pose – Navasana
  • Eagle Pose – Garudasana
  • Warrior series

4. Anahata

  • Also known as Heart Chakra
  • Anahata means unhurt….wrong
  • Ahata means vibration Anahata means non-vibration
  • we hear the sound (inner voice) which is nonvibratory
  • Associated with heart, feelings, and healing
  • Place – just where the rib cages meet, between the breasts
  • Behind the sternum
  • Colour – Green
  • Symbol – lotus with 12 petals
  • Sound – ‘YAM’
  • Air element – Vayu tattva

When balanced

  • Provides you with a lot of self-love and love for all around
  • Enhances healing
  • Empowers you with love, compassion, and empathy for all
  • Makes you joyous, lively, caring, generous
  • Makes you feel comfortable in everyone’s company

When imbalanced

  • Invites negative emotions like sorrow, despair, anger, greediness etc.
  • You become possessive
  • You make wrong choices
  • Increases heart rate
  • Palpitation
  • Heartache
  • In short, you are hurt

To energize this chakra 

  • Love yourself
  • Give time to yourself
  • Get Relaxed
  • Appreciate yourself
  • Feel the breeze
  • Lie down on green grass
  • Eat green and leafy vegetables and fruits
  • Do yoga

Suggested asanas to balance Anahata Chakra 

  • Kapalbhati
  • Cobra pose – Bhujangasana
  • Camel pose – Uttarasana
  • Seating forward bend – uttanasana
  • Supine bound angle – sputa baddha konasana

6. Vishuddhi

  • Also known as the throat chakra
  • It is associated with your communicative skills and organs of speech
  • It enhances purification
  • Place – between the collar bones, behind the throat pit
  • Colour – Blue
  • Symbol – lotus with 16 petals
  • Sound – ‘HAM’
  • Ether Element – Akash tattva

When balanced

  • Gives you the courage to speak and accept the truth
  • Enhances your communicative skills
  • Lets you think before you speak
  • Helps you listen to others actively
  • Makes you an effective speaker
  • Provides the freedom of expression
  • Also makes you good at writing skills

When imbalanced

  • You feel afraid of speaking the truth, of public speaking, of communicating
  • You become arrogant, over critical, insensitive or over sensitive
  • Thyroid, gums’ problem, shoulder or neck ache
  • Mouth infection, cavities
  • You either become too loud or too quiet
  • Struggle for words
  • You are unheard

To energize this chakra

  • Speak the truth (try it first when you are alone)
  • Drink a lot of water
  • Come out of your shell
  • Think before you speak (don’t worry just ask yourself – what am I speaking, why am I speaking)
  • Sing
  • Get a message
  • Do yoga

Suggested asanas to balance Vishuddhi Chakra

  • Child’s pose – Balasana
  • Fish pose – Matsyasana
  • Bridge pose – Setu asana
  • Supported headstand – Salamba Shirshasana
  • Pigeon pose – Kapotasana

6. Ajna

  • Also known as the third eye chakra
  • Ajna means command
  • Place – behind the point between the two eyebrows
  • Colour – Indigo
  • Symbol – lotus with 2 petals
  • Sound – ‘AUM’
  • Element – Mind

When balanced

  • Helps in leading a happy and balanced life
  • Enhances your intuitive approach to life
  • Enhances your inner awareness
  • Helps you to connect with your mind and spirit
  • Keeps you calm
  • Helps you in taking right decisions
  • Enhances clarity of thoughts
  • It awakens the pineal gland – the third eye, which is beyond the five senses
  • Keeps you in tune with the physical, material and spiritual world
  • Shows you the right path in this world

When imbalanced

  • You indulge in paranormal activities
  • Sometimes you are away from the human world
  • Sometimes you lose connection with the inner self
  • A headache, high BP, sinus, migraine, infection etc
  • Nightmares are common

To energize this Chakra

  • Meditation
  • Yoga
  • Aromatherapy
  • Sound therapy
  • Get connected to the earth – play, plant

Suggested asanas to balance Ajna Chakra

  • Child’s pose – Balasana
  • Supported shoulder stand – salamba Sarvangasana
  • Downward facing dog – adhomukha svanasana
  • Big toe – padangusthasana

7. Sahasrara

  • Also known as the crown chakra
  • It is associated with the supreme power
  • Place – at the top of the head
  • Colour – Violet
  • Symbol – shining lotus with thousand petals
  • Sound – ‘OUM’
  • Element – Void – thought – light

When balanced 

  • Provides you with – complete trust and love, feeling of oneness, pure happiness
  • Helps you surrender completely in front of the supreme power
  • Takes you beyond the material world
  • Moves you towards spiritual awakening
  • You become aware of your being
  • Makes you full of gratitude and love for others
  • You feel grounded and your emotions are under your control

When imbalanced

  • A migraine / constant headache
  • Learning disorder
  • Depression, dissatisfaction, greed
  • Sometimes an underactive crown chakra makes you more human but it can also take you far from the eternal goal.

To energize this chakra

  • Focus on balancing the other 6 chakras
  • Observe fast to detox your body
  • Meditate and detox your mind
  • Practice silence
  • Try to balance the inner and outer world

Suggested Yoga asanas for balancing Sahasrara Chakra

  • Lotus pose – Padmasana
  • Seated forward bend – paschimottanasana
  • Supported headstand
  • Supported shoulder stand

In a healthy body, these chakras provide the right level of energy. Your health generally suffers when any of these chakras are out of balance.

Sit quietly in a cool, calm place. Close your eyes and concentrate. Start from the tail of your spine at the Root/ Muladhara Chakra and one by one move towards the crown / Sahasrara Chakra. Concentrate on each chakra at its specific place with its specific color, symbol and beej mantra.

Have a happy, healthy and beautiful life with balanced chakras.

Take care!

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